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FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING WITH C#

The C# Programming Language 


C# is a cutting edge object-situated, universally useful programming dialect, made and created by Microsoft together with the .NET stage. There is exceptionally assorted programming created with C# and on the .NET stage: office applications, web applications, sites, work area applications, versatile applications, diversions and numerous others. 

C# is an abnormal state dialect that is like Java and C++ and, to some degree, dialects like Delphi, VB.NET and C. All C# programs are object-situated. They comprise of a lot of definitions in classes that contain techniques and the strategies contain the program rationale – the guidelines which the PC executes. 

These days C# is a standout amongst the most mainstream programming dialects. It is utilized by a great many designers around the world. Since C# is produced by Microsoft as a component of their cutting edge stage for improvement and execution of uses, the .NET Framework, the dialect is generally spread among Microsoft-situated organizations, associations and individual designers. For better or for more awful, as of this book composing, the C# dialect and the .NET stage are kept up and oversaw altogether by Microsoft and are not open to outsiders. Along these lines, all other expansive programming companies like IBM, Oracle and SAP base their answers on the Java stage and use Java as their essential dialect for building up their very own product items. 

Not at all like C# and the .NET Framework, the Java dialect and stage are open-source extends that a whole network of programming organizations, associations and individual engineers partake in. The gauges, the particulars and all the new highlights in the realm of Java are created by workgroups shaped out of the whole Java people group, as opposed to a solitary organization (as the instance of C# and .NET Framework). 

The C# dialect is appropriated together with an exceptional domain on which it is executed, called the Common Language Runtime (CLR). This condition is a piece of the stage .NET Framework, which incorporates CLR, a heap of standard libraries giving fundamental usefulness, compilers, debuggers and other advancement instruments. Because of the structure CLR programs are versatile and, when composed they can work with practically zero changes on different equipment stages and working frameworks. C# programs are most ordinarily kept running on MS Windows, yet the .NET Framework and CLR likewise bolster cell phones and other compact gadgets dependent on Windows Mobile, Windows Phone and Windows 8. C# projects can in any case be kept running under Linux, FreeBSD, iOS, Android, MacOS X and other working frameworks through the free .NET Framework usage Mono, which, be that as it may, isn't authoritatively bolstered by Microsoft. 

The Microsoft .NET Framework 


The C# dialect isn't conveyed as an independent item it is a piece of the Microsoft .NET Framework stage (articulated "Microsoft speck net system"). .NET Framework for the most part comprises of a domain for the improvement and execution of projects, written in C# or some other dialect, perfect with .NET (like VB.NET, Managed C++, J# or F#). It comprises of: 

the .NET programming dialects (C#, VB.NET and others);an condition for the execution of oversaw code (CLR), which executes C# programs in a controlled way; 

a lot of improvement instruments, for example, the csc compiler, which transforms C# programs into middle of the road code (called MSIL) that the CLR can get it; 

a lot of standard libraries, as ADO.NET, which enable access to databases, (for example, MS SQL Server or MySQL) and WCF which associates applications through standard correspondence systems and conventions like HTTP, REST, JSON, SOAP and TCP attachments. 

Why C#? 


There are numerous reasons why we picked C# for our book. It is an advanced programming dialect, generally spread, utilized by a large number of developers around the whole world. In the meantime C# is an extremely straightforward and simple to learn (in contrast to C and C++). It is normal to begin with a dialect that is reasonable for amateurs while still broadly utilized in the business by numerous expansive organizations, making it a standout amongst the most prevalent programming dialects these days. 

Points of interest of C# 


C# is an item situated programming dialect. Such are on the whole present day programming dialects utilized for genuine programming frameworks (like Java and C++). The upsides of article arranged writing computer programs are raised in numerous sections all through the book, in any case, for the occasion, you can consider object-situated dialects as dialects that permit working with items from this present reality (for instance understudy, school, course reading, book and others). Articles have properties (for example name, shading, and so forth.) and can 

perform activities (for example move, talk, and so on.). 


By beginning to program with C# and the .NET Framework stage, you are on a point of view track. On the off chance that you open a site with occupation offers for software engineers, you'll see with your own eyes that the interest for C# and .NET authorities is enormous and is near the interest for Java developers. In the meantime, the interest for PHP, C++ and other innovation masters is far lower than the interest for C# and Java engineers. 

For the great software engineer, the dialect they use is of no critical importance, since they realize how to program. Whatever dialect and innovation they may require, they will ace it rapidly. Our objective isn't to show you C#, but instead instruct you programming! After you ace the basics of programming and figure out how to think algorithmically, when you familiarize with other programming dialects, you will see with your own eyes how much in like manner they have with C# and how simple it will be to learn them. Writing computer programs is based upon rules that change gradually throughout the years and this book shows you these very standards. 

Models Are Given in C# 5 and Visual Studio 2012 


All models in this book are with respect to rendition 5.0 of the C# dialect and the .NET Framework 4.5 stage, which is the most recent as of this present book's distributing. All models on utilizing the Visual Studio coordinated advancement condition are with respect to form 2012 of the item, which were likewise the most recent at the season of composing this book. 

The Microsoft Visual Studio 2012 coordinated advancement condition (IDE) has a free form, reasonable for fledgling C# software engineers, called Microsoft Visual Studio Express 2012 for Windows Desktop. The contrast between the free and the full form of Visual Studio (which is a business programming item) lies in the accessibility of a few functionalities, which we won't require in this book. 

In spite of the fact that we use C# 5 and Visual Studio 2012, most models in this book will work faultlessly under .NET Framework 2.0/3.5/4.0 and C# 2.0/3.5/4.0 and can be arranged under Visual Studio 2005/2008/2010. 

It is of no incredible criticalness which variant of C# and Visual Studio you'll utilize while you pick up programming. What is important is that you gain proficiency with the standards of programming and algorithmic reasoning! The C# dialect, the .NET Framework stage and the Visual Studio incorporated improvement condition are simply instruments and you can trade them for others whenever. In the event that you read this book and VS2012 isn't as of now the most recent, make sure practically the majority of this present book's substance will in any case be the equivalent because of in reverse similarity.
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